Gender and sexuality

Rights and protections for the rainbow community

What this chapter covers

This chapter provides information about:

  • Gender and gender identity – This section explains about the rights of transgender and intersex people, including about changing your gender marker and/or name in official government documents like birth certificates; transgender people in prison; and getting gender-affirming surgery and other treatment.
  • Sexual orientation: Rights of non-heterosexual people – This explains about your right to have consensual sex and be in a consensual relationship regardless of your sexual orientation – including the right to get married or start a de facto relationship. This section also explains protections against rape and sexual assault under the criminal law and protections against family (domestic) violence.
  • Discrimination based on sex, gender and sexual orientation – This section explains how you’re protected under the Human Rights Act from being discriminated against on the basis of your gender identity or your sexual orientation. (These issues are explained in more detail in the chapter “Discrimination”.)
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