Employment: Access to jobs and protection against discrimination
In this section we explain these areas of employment law:
- what you do, and don’t, have to say about an impairment when you’re looking for work
- minimum wage rates, including when and how you can be employed below minimum wage
- how workplace discrimination laws protect you from being fired or disadvantaged in your current job.
How “disability” is defined in New Zealand’s disability discrimination laws
The Human Rights Act, which protects you against discrimination, is one of the key laws for disabled people. The Act includes a lengthy definition of “disability”, which covers a wide range of situations. The definition includes:
- a physical disability or impairment
- a physical illness
- a psychiatric (mental) illness
- an intellectual or psychological disability or impairment – like a learning or neurological disability
- any other loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure or function
- being reliant on a guide dog, wheelchair, or other remedial means
- the presence in the body of organisms capable of causing illness – like being HIV positive.